Thursday, January 21, 2010

The Etruscan Bronze Liver of Piacenza: An Ancient Starfinder and Calendar by Andis Kaulins Copyright © 1980 by Andis Kaulins



Table of Contents for the Scan of the Main Pages of the Book:
The Etruscan Bronze Liver of Piacenza:
An Ancient Starfinder and Calendar
by Andis Kaulins
Copyright © 1980 by Andis Kaulins

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Page iv..............The Etruscans, Larousse Encyclopedia of Mythology
Page v...............Table of Contents for The Etruscan Bronze Liver of Piancenza
Page ix..............Figure 1, Top View of the Etruscan Bronze Liver of Piacenza
Page x..............Figure 2, Bottom View of the Etruscan Bronze Liver of Piacenza
Page xi..............Figure 3, Top View Decipherment
Page xii..............Figure 4, Bottom View Decipherment
Page xiii..............Figure 5, Top View Decipherment horizontally reversed for left to right reading
Page xiv..............Figure 6, Top View Decipherment with Latvian equivalent words
Page xv..............Figures 7 & 8, Drawings of the Etruscan Bronze Liver by others
Page xvi..............Figure 9, A similar Micronesian - Gilbertese - Sky Dome
Page xvii..............Short Explanation of FIGURE 1
Page xviii..............Short Explanation of FIGURE 1
Page xix..............Short Explanation of FIGURES 2 through 5
Page xx..............Short Explanation of FIGURES 6 through 9
Page 1..............Abstract of the Decipherment
Page 4..............Astronomical positions of stars referred to on the Bronze Liver
Page 4..............Figure 10, Pleiades, Hyades set; Antares in the ascendant
Page 5..............Figure 11, Antares ascends
Page 6..............Figure 12, Regulus and the end star of Ursa Major rise; Draco and Vega set
Page 7..............Figure 13, Mira Ceti sets; Spica rises; Arcturus raises Draco; Hercules nodes
Page 8..............Mira Ceti and Pleiades rise; Hyades rising; Antares sets
Page 9..............Transcription of Etruscan Signs and Alphabets
Page 13..............Introduction
Page 19..............The Etruscan Language
Page 25..............The Etruscans
Page 29..............THE DECIPHERMENT
Page 29..............A Note on Method
Page 30..............The Astronomical Nature of the Etruscan Bronze Liver of Piacenza
Page 31..............Linguistic and Astronomical Analysis
Page 31..............THE UNDERSIDE OF THE BRONZE LIVER
Page 31..............Etruscan USILS = Latvian SAULE (the Sun, the day)
Page 31..............Etruscan TIVS = Latvian DIEVS (the Moon, the night sky)
Page 32..............General Discussion
Page 34..............The Dark Circles on the Underside of the Bronze Liver
Page 35..............THE TOP SIDE OF THE BRONZE LIVER
Page 35..............Etruscan FUFLUNS = the Pleiades
Page 41..............Etruscan THUFLTAS FUFLUS = the Hyades
Page 46..............Etruscan SELVA = Sirius
Page 49..............Etruscan TIN = Antares
Page 53..............Etruscan MARIS = Mira Ceti
Page 60..............Etruscan VEDISL = Bo├Âtes (-SL genitive)
..............Etruscan CILENSL = Ursa Minor (-SL genitive)
..............Etruscan CVLALP = Arcturus
Page 63..............Etruscan TLUSC = Draco
Page 66..............Etruscan TLUSC AR M = Alpha Omega (snake with tail in mouth)
Page 67..............Etruscan end -SL = genitive case
Page 68..............Etruscan end -F = accusative case, direct object
Page 68..............Etruscan CEL = the verb "raises [lifts]"
Page 69..............Etruscan CILEN = "rise"
Page 71..............Etruscan LETHMS = "setting, while setting"
..............Etruscan LETHNS = "the setting"
..............Etruscan LETHAM = "while jumping"
..............Etruscan LATH = "jumps?" // "stall"?
..............Etruscan LETHN = "setting"
Page 73..............Etruscan THVF = "ascends, becomes
Page 74..............Etruscan ANITHNE = "rising high"
Page 74..............Etruscan UNIMAE = "culmination"
Page 75..............Etruscan TECUM = "descending"
Page 75..............Etruscan LVSA = "break, fall, descent"
Page 76..............Etruscan ETH = "goes"
Page 76..............Etruscan CATH = "when"
Page 77..............Etruscan NETH = "nexes"
Page 78..............Etruscan SATRES = Vega / Lyra
Page 79..............Etruscan LVSL VELX = Regulus
Page 80..............Etruscan TH = "here" (locative)
Page 81..............Etruscan TV = "near"
Page 81..............Etruscan METLVMTH = "throws Virgo here"
Page 83..............Etruscan HERC = Hercules
Page 84..............Etruscan LETA = "the hidden" [also = the Swan at Perseus]
Page 84..............Etruscan LASL = Orion (-SL genitive)
Page 87..............OTHER ASTRONOMICAL SYSTEMS
Page 87..............A Nearly Identical Micronesian Sky Dome
Page 89..............Similarities to Sumerian Astronomical Texts
Page 91..............Similarities to Egyptian Astronomical Texts
Page 92..............Similarities to Ancient Chinese, Mayan and Aztec Astronomy
Page 94..............Additional Evidence in the Names of the Etruscan Months
Page 96..............Summary of the Decipherment
Page 98..............Bibliography of Sources

The Etruscan Bronze Liver of Piacenza is recognized to be
an (erroneously) so-called "Roman haruspex"
and there is no doubt that it involves ancient astronomy.

The Etruscan Bronze Liver of Piacenza, Italy : An Ancient Starfinder and Calendar Deciphered by Andis Kaulins

THE ETRUSCAN BRONZE LIVER OF PIACENZA, ITALY
An Ancient Starfinder and Calendar
Deciphered by Andis Kaulins

The Etruscans founded Rome. According to Herodotus they were Lydians, who may have brought the knowledge of the Pharaohs to the European Continent, including writing, as accounted in the legend of Cadmus. The Etruscan Bronze Liver of Piacenza is an ancient "Roman haruspex" known to relate to astronomy and soothsaying but it has remained undeciphered up to now.

As shown here, the Etruscan Bronze Liver of Piecenza was a planisphere of the heavens, an ancient starfinder and calendar, using virtually the same system of orienting to the stars and constellations as found in the Gilbertese Sky Dome in Micronesia, as used by the islanders for ocean navigation:

Piacenza - Side View

The Etruscan Bronze Liver of Piacenza is today in the
Museo Civico, Piacenza
Side View (Above) Top View (Below)
It was found in 1877 in a field in Settima di Gossolengo near Piacenza, Italy .

Piacenza - Top View

The Etruscan cosmology followed the Egyptian Pharaonic Hermetica, according to which the heavenly houses were "reconstructed" on earth.
(See Mauro Cristofani & Mario Carrieri, Etruschi - Cultura e Societa).

Bronze Liver - Top View

Above - The Top Side of The Etruscan Bronze Liver of Piacenza
(based on Hans Stoltenberg, Die Wichtigsten Etruskischen Inschriften, Gottschalksche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Leverkusen, 1956, and
Ambros J. Pfiffig, Religio Etrusca, Akedemische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz, 1975)

Below - The Bottom Side of The Etruscan Bronze Liver of Piacenza

Bronze Liver - Bottom View

The two lines, three circles and the words VSILS and TIFS appear on the original

Decipherment of the Etruscan Bronze Liver of Piacenza

Etruscan Bronze Liver of Piacenza


Transcription and Meaning of the Etruscan Words
Latvian is used as an example of the Indo-European connection.

SELVA = The star SIRIUS Greek SELA-, SEIRIOS
FUFLUNS = Latvian BUBULINS "clump, cluster" = the Pleiades viz. the Hyades
THUFLTHAS = Latvian DUBULTAIS "doubled" i.e. here doubled clump, cluster
TIN = Antares, New Year, Mayan TUN, in Latvian TIN, to reel, to revolve, to wind)
MARIS = Mira Ceti, Latvian MARA/MARIS Akkadian MARTU "gall bladder (?), bile"
LETA = Hidden One Latin LATEO, LETHE, Latvian RETA "scarce"
VEDISL = Bootes (genitive), Latvian VEDIS "escort" VEDIS with long e "wing-like"
-SL = genitive case, Latvian - SA, pronounced SHA
CILENSL = Ursa Minor?, maybe means only RISING (genitive)
CULALP = Arcturus Etruscan CULAU "guard, watcher" (of the netherworld)
TLUSC = Draco, Latvian CUSKA (tjooska) "serpent, (Hydra possible)"
whence ETRUSC-, i.e. (e)TRUSCHI
SATR(ES) = Vega/Lyra Greek SATUROS Latin SATIRUS - Hercules' hammer, Saturnalia
LUSL = Regulus Leo (genitive) Latvian LUSIS, lynx (Latvian LUSHA gen.)
HERC = Hercules LASL = Orion's, across from the stinger (tail) of Scorpio Hesiod Greek
LYSOS Arabic LS' Greek LACH Latvian LACis "bear".

Prominent on the Etruscan Bronze Liver of Piacenza are also variants of the words CILEN and LETH- (LEC), to which compare Latvian CILENS "rising" and LEC-/LIEC "jump, leap, setting, set down". These refer to the rising and setting of the stars on the horizons.

Other words on the Etruscan Bronze liver are:
THVF = Latvian TOP, pronounced TUOP, "ascends, becomes"
ANITHNE = "rising high, culminating", Greek ANATEINOU, Latvian AINATI
UNIMAI = Greek nomos, EUNIMA, Latvian NAMS "home" whence (IE)NAMAJI "in the middle of the home place", i.e. culmination
TECVM = Latvian TECAM/TEKAM "passing", i.e. running its course
LVSA = Latvian LUZA long u, pronounced LOOZA, "break, fall, descent"
ETH = Latvian IET or IETI "goes, goes to, enters"
CATH = Latvian KAD "when"
NETH = Latvian NIT "thread, make a circle, knot" Latin NEXUS, NODUS

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